pole had to be scouted for by a certain number warriors. His reasoning was this: that if be #1 had traits A and B, tribe #2 had A and while tribe #3 had B and D, these scattered parts had once fit an entire ancient rite. Thus the tribe which had the most and was the closest the center was certainly nearer to the origin lint than the tribes which were apparently but fringe contacts. Therefore he began; 1) the tree was scouted; 2) there had to be a specified number of warriors doing this; 3) there must be a lovely young girl in the party who was to be called "beautiful enemy". etc. The end of this long piece of research was that although the Dacotah-Sioux were best known for this colorful rite, the Algonkin speakers were closer to the center and therefore he decided it was an early Algonkin ritual, while the Sioux was an early contact. It interesting that my Siouan speaking friends deny this, saying that it was theirs "way back at the dawn!" It is just as possible that like the secondary burial rite, much was forgotten in the interceding years of war and migration. However, the method is quite excellent in tracing down people and their animals. For example, many races had domesticated animals. Who had them first and what animals did each group have? Of course there is the almost unanswerable argument that they were to be found wild at such and such a location, but beyond that one has to I "peel back the onion", as he once wrote to me - look at the previous people. Whatever culture traits they had, or animals they had are theirs and become just contacts when taken over by the conquerors. The conquerors are seldom the civilizers. They only absorb the civilization which they find - unless is trait is not to be found in the conquered people. Thus we do not become bogged down in an embarrassing morass of culture traits. Especially when we are seeking the nation of the greatest antiquity as we are attempting to do in the Atlantic puzzle. Who first tamed the mysterious ibex and brought the animal itself or the memories of it to the Americas? Where is it be found wild today? On the Atlas range is a species, but the main animal is to be found on the Pyrenees mountains (Greek - fire mountains) which extend to Switzerland and the Alps. Then which was the earliest group in the Swiss Alps who had goats? Apparently the long headed harmonics who lived in the Kitchen Midden villages above the lakes during the Pleistocene. There is, however, a similar animal which as tamed by the ancient Egyptians and kept in herds to be milked and used for meat. This long horned elk today runs wild in herds above the Ah Hoggar mountains of the Sahara. Coincidence? Not entirely. The Egyptian was a dolicephalic harmonic. We must therefore place this as a doli tamed animal unless later finds contradict this conclusion. The scimitar horned golden animal of the Saharan desert is the oryx. Near it, and sometimes sharing the same desert foliage, is the addax. This is a long horned animal also, except the horns have waves in them. One of the most interesting and puzzling culture traits of both the Cro Magnon type Atlantic tribes of the Amerind and the Azilian - Egyptians is the circular medallion worn around the neck of the great sun, or the emperor of the tribe. It is hereditary, and is passed down from generation to generation from an unknown antiquity. It is usually fashioned of bronze. After I had published my last book (He Walked the Americas - Amherst Press, 1963), 1 was fortunate enough to receive a letter from a woman living in Texas who had found such a medallion on her land near what remained of an Indian mound. Mrs. Frank Kidd, Box 950, Brady, Texas, wrote me along description of the medallion and finally sent me two photographs. The most fascinating aspect about this object is the writing which is similar to Egyptian hieratic and also similar in the seated figure to some the war bonnet feathers streaming down the back. The main figure is apparently seated in a chair with cat (or tiger) arms and carries the sun disc enclosed within horns upon his head. The other side of the medallion seems to resemble a sphinx-like animal with three pyramids in the background, and a rainbow-like fire, perhaps the rising sun, to the animal's back. The medallion was, as I had suspected, made of bronze, Mrs. Kidd assured me. The only reason I could imagine for the medallion being cast aside into the dirt was the fact that the young chieftain who was wearing it, fearing death or capture, did not want to be found with it upon his body and hurriedly cast it aside where he thought he might retrieve it on a later date. it was found, I understand, well over half a century ago. Now here is a puzzle - the medallion, claimed by both the Atlantic tribes and by the Azilians, is the symbol of royalty. Which had it first? Is there any way we can obtain even an educated guess? Let us go on farther into the puzzle of the ante-diluvian world, and see if we can learn more.